Vitamins and Supplements That May Help With Schizophrenia


Elaine Weiner, MD, assistant professor of psychiatry, University of Maryland Medical System.

Joshua Roffman, MD, assistant professor of psychiatry, Harvard Medical School; director, Brain Genomics Laboratory, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston.

Thomas Milam, MD, chief medical officer, Iris Telehealth; associate professor of psychiatry, Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine & Research Institute.

Current Psychiatry: “Omega-3 fatty acids for psychiatric illness.”

Scientific Reports: “The association between neonatal vitamin D status and risk of schizophrenia.”

Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism: “Serum vitamin D levels in relation to schizophrenia: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies.”

BMC Trials: “Vitamin D supplementation compared to placebo in people with First Episode psychosis — Neuroprotection Design (DFEND): a protocol for a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial.”

Cambridge Core: “The effects of vitamin and mineral supplementation on symptoms of schizophrenia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.”

JAMA Psychiatry: “Randomized multicenter investigation of folate plus vitamin B12 supplementation in schizophrenia.”

Molecular Psychiatry: “Biochemical, physiologic, and clinical effects of L-methylfolate in schizophrenia: A randomized controlled trial.”

Cochrane Library: “Vitamin E for antipsychotic‐induced tardive dyskinesia.”

Brain, Behavior and Immunity: “Probiotic normalization of Candida albicans in schizophrenia: A randomized, placebo-controlled, longitudinal pilot study.”

BMC Psychiatry: “Clinical and metabolic response to vitamin D plus probiotic in schizophrenia patients.”

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